I lived in AVL fo rthe summer. Really enjoyed it. To answer your questions to the best of my limited knowledge:
Industries - IDK
Awesome in the summer cold in the winter
Yes limited hours, and there is masters
anywhere from 2800 -5000+ feet depending upon where you are riding. I didn't notice the altitude coming from Tucson
walk ability - downtown rather. All the neighborhoods are easy to walk around. I could do a lot of things without getting into my car.
Very dog friendly, my dog has been to bars, restaurants, sub shops
I paid $700 for a 1bed/bath that allowed dogs and included all utilities/internet. LMK if you want the info.
Beer, lots of breweries. Green man is one of my favorite & Rocket Girl from AVL brewery was another favorite.
Contact Heath aka ex-cyclist who has lived there for years.
All in all it's a great place, but I agree the job prospects are kind of slim.
FWIW, Bend is on my short list as well, although I'll probably end up back in NC at some point due to my Dad & Poppop not getting younger.
Brian Stover Accelerate3 Coaching Twitter IG Bundled FrindinFreestyle Bike Fit+ 1hr Wind Tunnel Time May 8th & 9th - PM for info